Content warning: Please be aware that information about IPP and prisons tends to be quite upsetting, including (among other things) descriptions of self-harm, suicide, drug use and violence. Please make sure you are prepared for this and can access help should you need it.
Facts and Figures
IPP Friends and Family Campaign
Also campaigning for IPPs, this blog is updated regularly with their activities and with families’ and friends’ stories.
Legal Factsheet on IPP Sentences, Inside Time
Sentences of Imprisonment for Public Protection, Commons Library Briefing
Unjust Deserts, Prison Reform Trust report on IPP sentences, 2010:
Template letter to your MP
Please ask your MP to sign Early Day Motion 1524. Find out who your MP is here: https://www.writetothem.com/
Here is a template letter to help you think about what to write, but it will sound better in your own words.
Dear [First name of your MP]
Please sign EDM 1524 regarding IPP prisoners.
As you know, the IPP sentence was introduced in April 2005, and was designed to detain offenders who posed a risk of serious harm to the public until they no longer posed this risk. IPP offenders must serve a minimum term in prison, and after this they are able to apply to the Parole Board for release.
The sentence was abolished by the Coalition Government in 2012 as it was used too widely and indefinite sentences were found to violate human rights. But this was not applied retrospectively.
At present too many IPP prisoners are trapped in the system with no release date in sight. This is not for safety reasons but because the system lacks the political will to deal with them. Some examples include:
- Parole hearings are constantly deferred and reports come in late (this is the fault of staff, not prisoners).
- IPPs are often required to complete courses to prove they are low risk, but often these courses are not available, as determinate prisoners take priority.
- IPPs are denied parole because of mental health or substance misuse problems which they did not have before they started the IPP sentence but which developed as a result.
- IPPs are not released as the resources are not available to support them in the community.
All of this is taking a severe toll on the mental health of IPPs and that of their families. The self-harm and suicide rates are higher than that of any other category prisoner.
Furthermore, over 1000 IPPs who were released have been recalled to prison, again predominantly for administrative reasons.
EDM 1524 calls on the government to:
- speed up the process of release
- ensure the resources to support people on release so they can resettle safely
abolish the life licence and replace it with a fixed-term of supervision that ensures support for people on release
- severely restrict the power to recall to prison for indeterminate sentences for public protection.
[Here you could insert something about what your MP has done in the past and why signing the motion fits with their values. For example, my MP Afzal Khan opposes the indefinite detention of migrants.]
Can I count on you to sign the motion?
I look forward to hearing from you.
[Your name, address and telephone number.]
Sign, share, tweet!
Perfect to show at an info or letter-writing night, or to students.
Jailed for Life for Minor Crimes Vice (Gives the basics on IPP sentences)
One Punch, 99 Years in Prison Vice (Essential but upsetting viewing, 2018)
Going Underground Season Finale 2017 RT (IPP from about 14 minutes in)
Selected Other Media
What’s an IPP sentence? The Justice Gap
‘IPP Ruling Indefinite Sentences Breach Human Rights’, The Justice Gap
‘Britain’s forgotten prisoners: 4000 people trapped behind bars in ‘never-ending’ IPP limbo’, RT
‘Thousands of IPPs are trapped in a shameful limbo. They must be freed,’ The Guardian
‘One of Britain’s ‘forgotten’ prisoners is creating a commotion outside his bars’, The Canary (about Ian Hartley)
‘Locked Up To Make us Feel Better’, New Statesman
”I’m to blame’: Blunkett’s indefinite prison sentences and the thousands still locked up without hope’, New Statesman
‘Inmate given indefinite IPP sentence to go free after 11 years,’ The Week (about James Ward)
In The Independent:
Man jailed for 10 months is still inside 11 years later November 19th, 2016 (about James Ward)
Indefinite detention must be ended April 13th, 2014
Prison Governors brand controversial sentence ‘inhumane’ Thursday 8th July 2010
Prison Service ‘cannot cope’ with indefinite sentences’ March 4th 2010
Prison Abolition Resources
Empty Cages Collective
UK based collective, working towards a prison-free world.
US based prison resistance.
Working to end the cycle of child sexual abuse in five generations.